Greetings I

We usually greet people with “hi” or “hello“. “Hi” is a bit more casual.



How are you?

How’s it going?

I’m fine, thanks.

What’s your name?

When someone asks “What’s your name?” we can reply in two ways:

My name’s Alex.

I’m Alex.


Bye” is the short form of “goodbye“.

You will hear “bye” more often in everyday conversation.

Now you’ll see a dialogue between two English speakers, Ed and Sara.

Ed: Hi! What’s your name?

Sara: Hello. I’m Sara, and you?

Ed: My name’s Ed. How are you?

Sara: I’m fine, thanks!

How’s it going?

How’s it going?” has a similar meaning to “how are you?

We usually use “how’s it going?” with friends.

I’m good, thanks.

I’m great, thanks!

Not bad, thanks.

Many people say “not bad” to mean “quite good“.

Now listen carefully to this video. Here you are going to learn different ways to say hello and goodbye. Make notes of the other phrases and sentences. Pay special attention to pronunciation.

Nice to meet you!

“Nice to meet you” is used as a friendly greeting when you meet someone for the first time.

Hello. It’s nice to meet you at last.

But, how should you respond to a person telling you: “nice to meet you!”

Would “Me too” be okay?

You may like to start by saying “Thank you” as this is more polite. Then:


  1. Nice to meet you too.the most common way
  2. Pleased to meet you too/as well.
  3. It’s a pleasure to meet you too/as well.
  4. Pleasure to meet you too.
  5. The pleasure is all mine.

Formal and informal:

  1. It’s very nice to meet you (too/as well).
  2. Nice to meet you too.
  3. Lovely to meet you.
  4. Likewise.
  5. Glad to meet (you too).
  6. You too.
  7. Pleasure.
  8. And you.
  9. Same here.

Now, what about “Me too?”

Try to avoid using “me too” because there is not a consensus about that. Saying “me too” wouldn’t make sense as it means “It’s also nice for me to meet me.” 

Got it? So there are plenty of other options. Vary according to the person you are responding to and the setting.

Covid-19 vaccine side effects

It’s a good idea, when you travel abroad, to know how to describe what you are feeling, in case you need to go to an emergency medical service.

So, we started with the most common health problems, ways to ask about someone’s health, and typical responses.

Next we looked at simple conversations between doctor and patient, and we worked on a dialogue in which a patient visits his doctor because he has many of the classic Covid-19 symptoms.

Then, working with a student, she told me that she had a hard time with the second dose of the Covid-19 vaccine.

Forty-eight hours after she took it, she had a rash / she broke out in a rash on her neck and forehead. She didn’t have a fever, but her blood pressure went down / dropped / decreased. Then, she called the doctor, and the doctor prescribed her an anti-allergic medication/drug. She took the medication and rested. ‘It was weird,’ she said.

Here is a piece of news which is a good listening and reading practice, as it brings the vocabulary related to this problem.

I also had / got / experienced side effects / suffered from side effects from the Covid-19 vaccine. I had / experienced fatigue, a fever, a headache and, body aches.

In case you need to go to an emergency service, one of the questions they may ask you is: Are you allergic to any medicine/medication?

You should respond:

Yes, I’m allergic to…

No, not that I’m aware of / not that I know of.


What about you? Did you have / get / experience side effects or suffered from side effects from the Covid-19 vaccine? What did you have?

Nota: O intuito desta lição, é oferecer soluções lexicais, para caso necessite, você possa comunicar com segurança e tranquilidade, seus sintomas. Ao que tudo indica, o tema não deverá, tão cedo, desaparecer da nossa realidade.

At the doctor’s office – Covid

In this animated dialogue, a patient visits his doctor because he has many classic Covid-19 symptoms. 

But first, you may need to look at the most common health problems, ways to ask about someone’s health, and typical responses.

Then, it might be necessary to check some simple conversations between doctor and patient

Okay! Now you’re ready for this simple but useful dialogue in times of pandemic. Listen carefully, and after doing that, practice here. Look up the words you don’t know and enjoy this unique lesson!

At the doctor’s office

If you don’t look well – you should see a doctor / go to your doctor. And for that, you may need to make an appointment with your doctor.

The two expressions see a doctor and go to the doctor can be used to indicate a need to consult a doctor, that is, to obtain medical advice and any necessary treatment.

We started with the most common health problems, ways to ask about someone’s health, and typical responses.

Now let’s look at a simple conversation between doctor and patient. This is an interactive listening and speaking practice. Please listen and then repeat after Mark. Have fun learning to talk with a doctor and speak English now.

How are you feeling today?

Not very well, Doctor.

Tell me about it.

Well, I have a terrible headache.

How about your throat?

It hurts a little.

Do you have a cough?

Yes, I have a cough, too.

Do you feel weak?

Yes, I get tired very quickly.

Let’s take your temperature.

Your temperature is 39.1 degrees Celsius.

You have a fever.

It seems the you have the flu.

Oh, that’s terrible.

Don’t worry.

Take this medicine and rest.

OK. I understand.

Please come back next week for a checkup.

I will.

Thank you Doctor.

Find a few more useful sentences below. Listen carefully and write them down.