Where are you from? Countries and nationalities

Where are you from?

Where did you come from?

We say our nationality with “I’m”. We say which country we are from with “I’m from…”

“I’m…” + nationality
“I’m from” + country

I’m Russian. 
I’m from Russia. 

We use “she’s”, “he’s”, and “they’re” to talk about other people’s nationalities.

NationalityCountry
I’m Turkish.I’m from Turkey.
He’s English.He’s from England.

⚠️ Learners of English often confuse the words for nationality and country. ⚠️

We can tell the difference between nationality and country by looking at the ending of words. Many nationalities end in “-ish“, “-an” and “-ese“.

Nationalities ending in “-ish“:

NationalityCountry
EnglishEngland
TurkishTurkey
PolishPoland
SpanishSpain

Nationalities ending in “-an“:

NationalityCountry
Americanthe USA
RussianRussia
BrazilianBrazil
MexicanMexico

Nationalities ending in “-ese”:

NationalityCountry
ChineseChina
JapaneseJapan
PortuguesePortugal

If you haven’t seen your nationality or country this lesson, you can look them up.

Look at a dialogue between two people.

Dialogue

Sofia: Hi, I’m Sofia. You’re Alex, right?

Alex: Hello Sofia, yes I’m Alex. Are you from the USA?

Sofia: Yes, I am! Are you American too?

Alex: No, I’m not American, I’m from Russia!

Now the listening practice:

Next, some more language for those who feel that can go a little further.

Anna interviews tourists on the National Mall in Washington, DC. She learns about where they are from and the languages they speak. Listen carefully and write down what you hear.

“Teacher, I need more five minutes.” Is that right?

“Teacher, I need more five minutes.”

A lot of English learners say that to me.
I understand that they say the same way they would say in Portuguese, but it’s incorrect.

More is a modifier, a word that gives additional information about another word. It is used in a variety of situations.

In this situation the structure is number + more + noun

Listen carefully to this famous song by Phil Collins (1984) and work on the lyrics by playing this fun game.

Look at some combinations below:

Feeling under the weather

Have you already felt under the weather?

Are you feeling under the weather lately?

Are you under the weather now?

You look under the weather.

These are all possible sentences using the idiom “under the weather.”

So…

Has the pandemic put you in low spirits?

“In low spirits is another idiom that means feeling unhappy.

Everyone was in low spirits because of the rainy weather.

Now look at the message the CCleaner, a tool for cleaning the PC shows:

Other popular weather idioms are snowed under and raining cats and dogs. Don’t miss them!

Greetings I

We usually greet people with “hi” or “hello“. “Hi” is a bit more casual.

Hello!

Hi!

How are you?

How’s it going?

I’m fine, thanks.

What’s your name?

When someone asks “What’s your name?” we can reply in two ways:

My name’s Alex.

I’m Alex.

Bye!

Bye” is the short form of “goodbye“.

You will hear “bye” more often in everyday conversation.

Now you’ll see a dialogue between two English speakers, Ed and Sara.

Ed: Hi! What’s your name?

Sara: Hello. I’m Sara, and you?

Ed: My name’s Ed. How are you?

Sara: I’m fine, thanks!

How’s it going?

How’s it going?” has a similar meaning to “how are you?

We usually use “how’s it going?” with friends.

I’m good, thanks.

I’m great, thanks!

Not bad, thanks.

Many people say “not bad” to mean “quite good“.

Now listen carefully to this video. Here you are going to learn different ways to say hello and goodbye. Make notes of the other phrases and sentences. Pay special attention to pronunciation.

Nice to meet you!

“Nice to meet you” is used as a friendly greeting when you meet someone for the first time.

Hello. It’s nice to meet you at last.

But, how should you respond to a person telling you: “nice to meet you!”

Would “Me too” be okay?

You may like to start by saying “Thank you” as this is more polite. Then:

Formal:

  1. Nice to meet you too.the most common way
  2. Pleased to meet you too/as well.
  3. It’s a pleasure to meet you too/as well.
  4. Pleasure to meet you too.
  5. The pleasure is all mine.

Formal and informal:

  1. It’s very nice to meet you (too/as well).
  2. Nice to meet you too.
  3. Lovely to meet you.
  4. Likewise.
  5. Glad to meet (you too).
  6. You too.
  7. Pleasure.
  8. And you.
  9. Same here.

Now, what about “Me too?”

Try to avoid using “me too” because there is not a consensus about that. Saying “me too” wouldn’t make sense as it means “It’s also nice for me to meet me.” 

Got it? So there are plenty of other options. Vary according to the person you are responding to and the setting.