To wrap up

O phrasal verb to wrap up é muito comum, e tem vários usos em inglês.

Os verbos frasais (phrasal verbs) são formados por um verbo e por uma partícula (advérbios ou preposições). Eles possuem um sentido que leva em consideração a sua unidade como um todo, isto é, o verbo + preposição ou o verbo + advérbio.

Da mesma forma, Idioms (expressões idiomáticas) são expressões consolidadas, próprias do idioma, e cujo significado não corresponde diretamente com o significado literal das palavras individuais.

Vejamos alguns usos de WRAP UP:

1 – EMBRULHAR

  • Don’t forget to wrap up Dan’s present before you go to the party.
    Não se esqueça de embrulhar o presente do Dan antes de você ir para a festa.
  • Thank you! You don’t need to wrap it up. Obrigada! Não precisa embrulhá-lo/la.

2 – AGASALHAR

  • Wrap up well – it’s cold outside. Agasalhe-se bem – está frio lá fora.
  • I can hear my mother telling me to wrap up warm.
    Eu posso ouvir minha mãe dizendo-me para me agasalhar.

3 – ENCERRAR ou FINALIZAR

  • We need to wrap up this meeting and get back to work.
    Precisamos concluir esta reunião e voltar ao trabalho.
  • I can wrap up this little project in a week.
    Eu posso finalizar este pequeno projeto em uma semana.
  • She wrapped up a deal just before she left on vacation. Ela fechou um acordo pouco antes de sair de férias.

4 – RESUMIR

  • He wrapped the proposal up in the final paragraph.
    Ele resumiu a proposta no parágrafo final.
  • The reporter wrapped up the mayor’s speech in a few sentences.
    O repórter resumiu o discurso do prefeito em algumas frases.

5 – “Wrap up in“, como ESTAR ABSORVIDO EM / ENVOLVIDO COM

  • He’s so wrapped up in himself that he rarely calls me. Ele está tão absorto em si mesmo que ele raramente me liga.

Now listen carefully to this video to learn how Australians use the word WRAPPED (adjective) to describe a person’s feelings when they are extremely excited or happy about something. Take notes of the examples.

E se quiser além, assista o vídeo até o final para aprender expressões como:

WRAP AROUND (OR WRAP ROUND) – colocar algo em torno de outra coisa;

TO HAVE (SOMEONE) WRAPPED AROUND (ONE’S) FINGERidiom – ter total controle sobre alguém;

KEEP (SOMETHING) UNDER WRAPSidiom – dizer que algo está sendo mantido em segredo;

THAT’S (IT’S) A WRAP!idiom – anunciando o fim de algo

Write down the examples and look up the words you don’t know. 😉

Go through

Watch the video about the phrasal verb ‘go through,’ read about it below, and make notes of the examples that are not in the text.

The phrasal verb ‘go through’ has a number of uses in professional and social contexts.

To ‘go through’ something can mean:

To examine, study, or search for something in a thorough or detailed way.

You might ‘go through’ an article, for example, to find specific information; or ‘go through’ your work to look for any mistakes

If a request, contract, law, or change in rules is accepted or approved, you can say that it has been ‘gone through’, meaning that it has passed a number of stages and is now ready to be put into action.

With credit or debit card payments, if they are approved you can say they ‘went through,’ or if the payment is rejected, you can say it ‘didn’t go through.’

To ‘go through’ something can also mean to experience or survive a difficult or unpleasant situation or period in your life. So, you can ‘go through a tough time’ or ‘go through a difficult experience’, for example.

To ‘go through’ something can also mean to ‘use up’ materials or resources.

So, you can say you ‘go through’ a lot of coffee when you are working late, for example.

To ‘go through’ something can also mean to rehearse or to practice something.

You might ‘go through’ a speech a few times before delivering it; or a dancer or athlete might ‘go through’ their movements many times in order to perfect them.

If you follow a particular schedule or precise steps or procedures, you can say you ‘go through a number of steps’ or you ‘go through a routine’.

Additional examples with ‘go through’ are:

1 A friend’s company has a job opening that they think you should apply for. They offer to help you tailor your CV for the application:

“I can meet you this evening to go through your CV before you apply for the job.”

2 A colleague has asked you to send a report to their new e-mail address. You received an e-mail telling you that your message could not be sent:

“I tried to send the report to you yesterday evening, but it appears the e-mail did not go through.”

3 Your company is hosting an educational event for students from local schools. You want to make sure you have enough sandwiches for lunch:

“How many sandwiches do you think 80 school children will go through?”

4 You are driving for a long time and you want to stop for lunch:

“We can turn off the motorway and go through the town to look for a restaurant.”

Did you see how many different uses this phrasal verb has?
Listen to ‘go through’ in the video below at 0.47 seconds.

What’s your word for 2022?

I believe that resiliency prevailed in 2021. 

Instead of making New Year’s resolutions that you probably won’t keep, choose a word that can make a positive impact and help guide your decisions over the next year to reach your goals

So, what word will you choose to guide you and give you focus in 2022?

In this video, January the first talks to us and shares a piece of advice.

And the word is movement.

Moving will help you get through the next 364 days with ease, she says.

Start the year doing that: moving. But not just the exercise kind of movement.

She means movement of the spirit, the soul, moving someone else’s heart.

January the first advises us to move to find the inspiration to create, to invent.

When we’re moving, there’s no time for fear, for doubts, because it pushes us forward, it makes us stronger, wiser.

Take her word. Write it down somewhere and put it into action.

It will make every single day of your year count.

It’s an inspirational message, but we can also learn the language we use in our day-to-day life. So here we go!

PIECE OF ADVICE

(Conselho) Advice is uncountable. We say a piece of advice (not ‘an advice’) and some advice (not ‘some advices’).

GET THROUGH​ something

(Lidar) To successfully deal with a problem or difficulty

I know we’re going to get through the pandemic.

WITH EASE

(Com facilidade) Without difficulty, easily

They won the game with ease.

TAKE SOMEONE’S WORD

(Acreditar na palavra de alguém) To believe someone without needing proof or evidence

I’ve lost my sense of smell, so I’ll have to take your word for any similarities to lavender in terms of scent.

WRITE (something) DOWN

(Anotar) To note, to scribble, to write (something); to put (something) to paper

I think I wrote it down wrong.

Now, what word will you choose to guide you and give you focus in 2022?

  • CONNECTION? It can mean a relationship or bond with another person, and it can also reference connecting with the present moment. 
  • CONTRIBUTION? It could mean an act or monetary donation, but it is about generosity.
  • CONFIDENCE? Focusing on what we are good at and what compliments our personality can help us achieve goals and boost confidence. We learn what we can do and when we need to ask for help.
  • OR MAYBE YES? A simple word, but it can have a strong impact.

My wish for you is to go forward and make a difference in anything that you choose to do. 😉

Figure it out!

The phrasal verb ‘to figure out is one of the most popular ones in English. So you need to understand it, as you will come across it very often.

Phrasal verbs are used a lot in spoken English, so to understand native speakers you need to know quite many of them.

Here is a challenge for you! You have only 30 seconds to ‘figure it out!’

So, were you able to figure the challenge out?

figure out

— phrasal verb /ˈfɪɡər/ US 

figure out something/somebody

figure something/somebody  out

1. to solve a problem or to think about something/somebody until you understand them/it

  • I’m trying to figure out a way to make this work.
  • We had to figure out the connection between the two events.
  • It takes time to figure out new software.
  • Don’t worry, we’ll figure something out. (=find a way to solve the problem).
  • We couldn’t figure her out.
  • Women. I just can’t figure them out.

figure out how/what/who/why 

  • I can’t figure out how to do this.
  • I couldn’t figure out what the teacher was talking about.
  • He was trying to figure out why the camera wasn’t working.

2. to calculate an amount or the cost of something

  •  Have you figured out how much the trip will cost?

Catch up: other meanings

Here we studied, students and I, the use of catch-up as a result of our need to know what has happened since the last time we spoke.

Now we are going to review that and look at some different meanings. Listen carefully and take notes.

— phrasal verb /kætʃ/ past tense and past participle caught /kɔt/

  • to go faster so that you reach the person or vehicle in front of you

You go on ahead. I’ll catch you up in a minute. (catch somebody up)

We left before them, but they soon caught us up again. (catch somebody up)

If you hurry, you should catch up with them at the bridge.

She is really fast, and I couldn’t catch up with her.

fig. We’re a young, growing company, and we’re trying to catch up to the competition.

  • to do something that you have not been able, or did not have time to do earlier:

The deadline’s tomorrow. How are we ever going to catch up in time?

I just want to go home and catch up on some sleep.

I have to catch up on my reading.

She’s staying late at the office to catch up with/on some reports.

I have some work to catch up on.

https://www.ldoceonline.com/dictionary/catch-up